Overview: Mathematics 1700-1799 - Research Article from Science and Its Times

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Eighteenth-Century Society

The eighteenth century was a century of war. As it opened Russia was at war with the Swedes, Saxony had invaded Livonia, European powers were fighting to determine who would become the King of Spain, and fighting in Europe, Asia, and the Americas continued through most of the century. The eighteenth century was also a century of the arts, with Bach, Handel, Haydn, Mozart, and other great composers writing some of the most famous and beautiful music ever heard. And the eighteenth century was a century of revolution. The philosophical principles of the Enlightenment inspired the American colonies to rebel against their mother country, while Russian, English, French, and Dutch citizens also asserted their rights to self-government at one time or another.

In and around the political upheavals, the Industrial Revolution was taking place. As the growth of steam power began to replace humans and...

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This section contains 1,320 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Overview: Mathematics 1700-1799 Encyclopedia Article
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Overview: Mathematics 1700-1799 from Science and Its Times. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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