Overview - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Overview

In its twenty-five hundred years of evolution Chinese philosophy has passed through four periods: the ancient period (until 221 BCE), when the so-called Hundred Schools contended; the middle period (221 BCE–960 CE), when Confucianism emerged supreme in the social and political spheres, only to be overshadowed in philosophy first by Neo-Daoism and then by Buddhism; the modern period (960–1900), when Neo-Confucianism was the uncontested philosophy, although by no means without variety or conflicts of its own; and the contemporary period (from 1912), when Neo-Confucianism, having become decadent and being challenged by Western philosophy, first succumbed to it, then was revived and reconstructed, but at mid century was overwhelmed by Marxism.

Ancient Period: Hundred Schools (Until 221 Bce)

Confucian School

Nature of the Individual

Confucius never explained how it is possible for one to become a superior man. He seemed to imply that man is good by nature, but he said only...

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This section contains 9,321 words
(approx. 32 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Overview Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Overview from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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