Nuclear Fission - Research Article from World of Chemistry

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 9 pages of information about Nuclear Fission.
This section contains 2,464 words
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Nuclear Fission

Nuclear fission is a process in which the nucleus of an atom splits, usually into two pieces. This reaction was discovered when a target of uranium was bombarded by neutrons. Fission fragments were shown to fly apart with a large release of energy. The fission reaction was the basis of the atomic bomb, which was developed by the United States during World War II. After the war, controlled energy release from fission was applied to the development of nuclear reactors. Reactors are utilized for production of electricity at nuclear power plants, for propulsion of ships and submarines, and for the creation of radioactive isotopes used in medicine and industry.

The fission reaction was discovered in l938 by two German scientists, Otto Hahn (1879-1968) and Fritz Strassmann. They had been doing a series of experiments in which they used neutrons to bombard various elements. If they bombarded...

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This section contains 2,464 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Nuclear Fission Encyclopedia Article
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