Netherlands, The - Research Article from Governments of the World

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The Political System

Historically, the Dutch state has been the result of a process of evolution rather than revolution. The Netherlands became a unified state with a centralized government in 1798. After an unstable beginning, in which regimes and constitutions followed each other quickly, and a brief incorporation in the French Empire, the monarchy was instituted in 1813. However, fear of the unstable situation in surrounding countries, especially France, soon provided a climate for change in a more democratic direction. This change came in 1848, when the constitution was completely revised by a well-known statesman, the liberal Johan Rudolf Thorbecke (1798–1872). This constitution introduced the concepts of the sovereignty of parliament and ministerial responsibility for the monarch. Ministers are responsible for the acts of government. The last pillars of the Dutch constitutional system, proportional representation and universal suffrage, were introduced in the early part of the twentieth century, with men receiving...

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This section contains 2,769 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Netherlands, The Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Netherlands, The from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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