Nature of the Gene, History - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Nature of the Gene, History.
This section contains 1,883 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Nature of the Gene, History Encyclopedia Article

From Elements to Genes

In 1865, when Mendel articulated the laws of inheritance that now bear his name, he did not use the terms "gene" or " allele." He referred instead to "elements" and "characters." Mendel described the patterns of inheritance he observed in terms of character pairs. These pairs segregate to form the next generation of character pairs and remain independent of the behavior of other character pairs. The external characters of the pea plants he described corresponded to elements within the germ cells of the same plants. Whether Mendel thought that pairs of characters were expressions of pairs of cellular elements is not clear.

Edward Tatum. He and his colleague George W. Beadle developed the Edward Tatum. He and his colleague George W. Beadle developed the "one gene-one enzyme" model of gene function.

By the time of Mendel's rediscovery in 1900 by Hugo de Vries, Carl Correns, and Erich Tschermak, however, visible characters were understood to be...

(read more)

This section contains 1,883 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Nature of the Gene, History Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Macmillan Science Library: Genetics
Nature of the Gene, History from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook