Naturalism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 10 pages of information about Naturalism.
This section contains 2,946 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Naturalism Encyclopedia Article

Naturalism

NATURALISM. In the broadest sense, naturalism can denote any philosophy in which "nature" or "the natural" functions as the most general explanatory or normative concept. What counts as naturalism in a particular context depends upon how the term nature and its cognates are used. Given the long and varied history of such terms in Western thought, it should not be surprising that any two doctrines named "naturalism" may have little more than etymological connections in common.

History and Definitions

Even in ancient Greece, "naturalism" designated several distinct positions. For the Cynics, naturalism consisted in severe condemnation of conventional values and artificial virtues. The virtuous man is one who lives naturally, but living naturally requires a rigorously ascetic practice in which all conventional and artificial goods are shunned. Stoic naturalism also sought detachment from the conventional and the artificial, and agreed...

(read more)

This section contains 2,946 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Naturalism Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Macmillan
Naturalism from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.