Mongolia - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11 pages of information about Mongolia.
This section contains 3,210 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
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Mongolia

POPULATION 2,694,432
TIBETAN BUDDHIST 96 percent
OTHER (BAHAI, CHRISTIAN, JEHOVAH'S WITNESS, MUSLIM, SHAMANIST) 4 percent

Mongolia

Country Overview

Mongolia's 1992 constitution guarantees freedom of worship. Since the antireligious purges carried out by the Communist government in the 1930s, there have been no violent religious clashes.

Major Religion

History

Mongols came in contact with Tibetan Buddhism during their campaign against the Tangut people and Tibet in the thirteenth century. In the first dissemination of Buddhism among the Mongols, only khans (rulers) and aristocrats became followers, while the rest of society remained shamanists. Buddhist scriptures were translated into Mongolian, and the special priest-patron relationship was established, dividing power into religious and secular spheres represented by the hierarch of the Buddhist Sakyapa school and by Kubilai Khan, first emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. The "priest" secured religious services for the welfare of the ruler and the success of his war campaigns, and the ruler...

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This section contains 3,210 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Mongolia Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religious Practices
Mongolia from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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