Metaphysics, History Of - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 40 pages of information about Metaphysics, History Of.
This section contains 11,841 words
(approx. 40 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Metaphysics, History Of Encyclopedia Article

The Classical Period

Parmenides

The beginning of metaphysics, however, is most conveniently dated from Parmenides (fl. c. 475 BCE), since some of the typical characteristics of metaphysics as a distinct philosophical inquiry are present in, or at least suggested by, his surviving writings. These characteristics are, first, the conception of philosophy as an attempt to understand the universe by means of a logical investigation that is a priori, appealing to meanings of terms rather than to the evidence of the senses. This method is in contrast to the method of natural science, which relies on sense perception. Second is a more or less explicit use of very general principles viewed as sufficient to arrive at a true account of reality. Such principles were, for example, noncontradiction and something like a principle of sufficient reason, which is expressed in Parmenides' poem: "Also, what necessity impelled it, if it did...

(read more)

This section contains 11,841 words
(approx. 40 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Metaphysics, History Of Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Metaphysics, History Of from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook