Melqart - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Melqart.
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Melqart

MELQART, whose name means "king of the city" (milk qart), was the patron god of the Phoenician city of Tyre and one of the major gods of the Phoenician and Punic pantheons. He was also known as Baal Sur (Lord of Tyre) and was identified with Herakles (Hercules) since at least the sixth century BCE. There is no longer any doubt about his link with Tyre (the "city" of his name) since the publication in the 1990s and early 2000s by Pierre Bordreuil of explicit epigraphical evidence, including a seal, tesserae, dedication, weight, and sling balls.

Phoenicia and Syria

After the Aleppo inscription, Melqart appears in two vassal Assyrian treaties. First, Melqart is mentioned in the treaty of 754 BCE between Matiel, king of Arpad (Northern Syria) and Ashurnirari V, king of Assyria. Here Melqart is included in the group of gods who warrant the treaty; together...

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This section contains 3,306 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Melqart Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Melqart from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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