Meditation in Indian Philosophy - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Meditation in Indian Philosophy.
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The Yoga SŪtra

The Yoga Sūtra of Patañjali (c. 200 CE) defines Yoga as the restraint of the fluctuations of the mind (yogaś-citta-vṛtti-nirodha?). The application of Yoga allows for the gradual diminishment of karmic influences, referred to as seeds (bīja) or residues (saṃskāra). Yoga specifies five aspects of defilement that must be controlled: ignorance, egoism, attraction, repulsion, and a desire for life to continue. By following the practices of Yoga, including meditation, karma dissipates. The practitioner reshapes his or her identity, abandoning attachment to fixed behaviors. By drawing inward, one reaches deeper self-understanding and approaches a state of lucidity and purification.

Numerous meditation practices can be found in the texts of Yoga, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Different objects of meditation are listed, including...

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This section contains 1,970 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Meditation in Indian Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Meditation in Indian Philosophy from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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