Medieval Europe 814-1450: Architecture and Design - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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The Gothic in England

Sea Change at Canterbury.

Although Gothic architecture developed in the direction of a highly rationalized set of forms responding to a combination of religious, technological, and practical conditions, it was never conceived as a rigid formula or an integrated system that obeyed a set of rules. English architecture during the half century from 1175 to 1230 reveals that it is better understood as a kit of parts, including columns, piers, shafts, pointed arches, and ribbed vaults, that could be selectively combined in endless variations. The rebuilding of the choir of Canterbury Cathedral after a fire in 1174 marked the beginning of this change of direction in English architecture. Designed by the French master mason William of Sens (late twelfth century), and completed by William the Englishman, the extraordinarily long east arm includes two transepts and two choirs that accommodated a community of monks...

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This section contains 1,856 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Medieval Europe 814-1450: Architecture and Design Encyclopedia Article
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Medieval Europe 814-1450: Architecture and Design from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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