Marcel, Gabriel (1889-1973) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 10┬ápages of information about Marcel, Gabriel (1889–1973).
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Relationship to Existentialism

Marcel's name has most often been linked with "theistic existentialism." Because of the ambiguities of this term and the association of existentialism in the popular mind with Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy, to which his is almost diametrically opposed, Marcel has preferred the designation "Neo-Socratic" for his thought. This should not obscure Marcel's contributions to existential philosophy or his similarity to other thinkers who are ordinarily associated with it.

Before publication of the major philosophical works of Karl Jaspers and Martin Heidegger, Marcel introduced into French philosophy, in his essay "Existence and Objectivity" (1925) and in his Metaphysical Journal, many of the themes that later became central to existentialism. Often making use of an independently developed phenomenological method, he dealt with such themes as participation, incarnation, man as being in the world, and the priority of existence over abstraction (the cogito) as a starting point for philosophy...

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This section contains 2,769 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Marcel, Gabriel (1889-1973) Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Marcel, Gabriel (1889-1973) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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