Manhattan Project - Research Article from World of Physics

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Manhattan Project

The Manhattan Project was an epic, secret, wartime effort to design and build the world's first nuclear weapon. Commanding the efforts of the world's greatest physicists and mathematicians during World War II, the 20-billion-dollar project resulted in the production of the first uranium and plutonium bombs. The American quest for nuclear explosives was driven by the fear that Hitler's Germany would invent them first and thereby gain a decisive military advantage. The monumental project took less than four years, and encompassed construction of vast facilities in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and Hanford, Washington, that were used for the purpose of obtaining sufficient quantities of the isotopes uranium-235 and plutonium-239, necessary to produce the fission chain reaction that released the bombs' destructive energy. After a successful test in Alamogordo, New Mexico, the United States exploded a nuclear bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Three days...

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This section contains 984 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Manhattan Project Encyclopedia Article
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Manhattan Project from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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