Magnetohydrodynamics - Research Article from Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy

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Experimental Developments

In the early part of the nineteenth century Michael Faraday (1832) conducted MHD experiments using the brackish water of the river Thames flowing through the Earth's magnetic field. The first successful power generation experiment, developed by Richard Rosa in 1959, generated 10 kW with a timber walled channel on the AVCO "Mark 1" facility in Boston, Massachusetts. This success and the possibility of cheap MHD power led in the 1960s to national programs in Britain, the Soviet Union, The Netherlands, France, Germany, Poland, Italy, India, Australia and Israel. In 1965 the AVCO "Mark 5" generator successfully generated 32 MW over a one minute run using alcohol at 45 kg/sec fired with oxygen. AVCO later developed a sophisticated coal fired MHD channel for a 2,000 hour test program and demonstrated technical feasibility under the most stringent conditions.

Figure 2. MHD Linear Generator Flow Chart. Figure 2. MHD Linear Generator Flow Chart.

In 1972 in Moscow, a large experimental facility, the "U-25," used a 250 MW natural...


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This section contains 1,110 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Magnetohydrodynamics Encyclopedia Article
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Magnetohydrodynamics from Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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