Lutheranism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 298 pages of information about Lutheranism.
This section contains 3,317 words
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Christianity: Lutheranism

FOUNDED: 1517 C.E.
RELIGION AS A PERCENTAGE OF WORLD POPULATION: 1.0 percent

Overview

Lutheranism, named after the German preacher and professor Martin Luther (1483–1546), began with the publication of his Ninety-five Theses (1517), an attack on abuses of the Catholic Church, which precipitated the Protestant Reformation. Shaping the agenda of early modern Western Christianity, Lutheran theology argued that salvation came from faith alone and that Scripture, not the church, was the only basis of religious authority. The movement quickly spread from Germany across northern Europe, becoming one of the main strands of Protestantism.

Luther and his followers initially opposed the term "Lutheran," used derisively by opponents of his reforms. Many early churches preferred the term "Evangelical" (meaning "Gospel centered"), which became part of the official name of the church in many countries. In the seventeenth century Lutheranism was challenged by the Catholic Church...

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This section contains 3,317 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Lutheranism Encyclopedia Article
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Lutheranism from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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