The Age of the Baroque and Enlightenment 1600-1800: Literature - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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Political and Religious Conflict.

Unlike France and England, which were unified states ruled by monarchs, Germany remained a loose confederation of more than 300 semi-autonomous states in the early-modern era. The Reformation and Counter-Reformation had cut deep fissures into the political system of the region during the sixteenth century, and controversies over religion persisted in the early seventeenth century. Both Protestants and Catholics longed for a day in which a single, unitary faith might be reestablished in the country, and the tensions that competition between these confessions produced eventually boiled over in the dismal conflict known as the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). That clash, waged in several major stages during its seemingly unending history, ultimately did little to resolve the longstanding problems that had made religion the central issue in German society since the 1520s. At its conclusion, Calvinism, once an illegal religion in...

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This section contains 3,375 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy The Age of the Baroque and Enlightenment 1600-1800: Literature Encyclopedia Article
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