Liberation in Indian Philosophy - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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The Vedas and UpaniṢads

The Ṛg Veda uses the verb muc (hence mokṣa and mukti) in the creation myth when the god Indra periodically liberates the cosmic waters (= creative forces) from the clutches of the demon Vṛtra (10, 104, 9; 1, 32, 11; 4, 22, 7), thereby enabling the manifestation of the universe. As to humans, they are subjected to successive lives (anūcīnā jīvitā, 4, 54, 2), so liberation for them means being granted immortality (amṛta, amṛtatva). It is therefore ardently prayed for: "Lead us to immortality!" (5, 55, 4) "May I be released from death, not reft of immortality!" (7, 59, 12) "Place me in that deathless, undecaying world … make me immortal" (9, 113, 7–11). Certain "long-haired ascetics" (keśins) even claimed to have won immortality during their lifetime: "Due...

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This section contains 3,904 words
(approx. 14 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Liberation in Indian Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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Liberation in Indian Philosophy from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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