Kerosene - Research Article from Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 5 pages of information about Kerosene.
This section contains 1,251 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Kerosene Encyclopedia Article

History

Petroleum was discovered by Drake in Pennsylvania in 1859. It is a mixture of hydrocarbon compounds ranging from highly flammable volatile materials like propane and gasoline to heavy fuel oil, waxes, and asphalt. It was soon discovered that crude oil could be separated by distillatoin in to various factions according to their boiling point (molecular weight). Kerosene, a middle distillate, was the first product made from petroleum that had a substantial commercial market. The Pennsylvania crudes happened to be low in sulfurous and aromatic components, so the straight run (unrefined) distillate was relatively odorless and clean-burning. The distillate rapidly replaced whale oil in lamps, and coal in home room heaters, and by 1880 kerosene accounted for 75 percent by volume of the crude oil produced. However, after the turn of the century, the advent of electric lights soon made kerosene lamps obsolete. Later, central home heating based on heating oil and...

(read more)

This section contains 1,251 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Kerosene Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy
Kerosene from Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook