Judaism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 177 pages of information about Judaism.
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Poland and Lithuania

Jewish Communal Autonomy in Poland

A highly ramified system of Polish-Jewish autonomy with a centralized consultative council was created as Jews settled in Poland in large numbers. It was the product of several factors, including the Jewish community's wide geographic dispersion, the example of Jewish communal institutions in Bohemia and Moravia, pressures from the crown for a centralized Jewish leadership, and the diminishing power of the king, which motivated many sectors of Polish society to claim a measure of self-government. On the bottom tier of Jewry's system were the qehalim, or Jewish communal councils, which functioned alongside and were structured similar to the municipal councils of Polish cities. Above them were the district councils composed of representatives from the qehalim. At the uppermost tier were the supercouncils, which met, beginning in 1569 and perhaps even earlier, at the fairs of Lublin...

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This section contains 7,732 words
(approx. 26 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Judaism Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Judaism from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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