Judaism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 177 pages of information about Judaism.
This section contains 6,639 words
(approx. 23 pages at 300 words per page)
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The Babylonian Center

In the middle of the eighth century the capital of the Muslim caliphate was moved from Syria (where it had been located since 661 CE) to Baghdad. Under the Abbasid dynasty, Iraq became the center from which power and scholarly creativity radiated to the rest of the Islamic world. In this setting, the institutions of Babylonian Judaism were able to consolidate their own authority and religious leadership over the Jews living within the orbit of Islam. Successive waves of Jewish (as well as Muslim) migration from the eastern Islamic lands, long subject to the religious guidance of the Babylonian Talmud, to the Mediterranean and other western provinces of the caliphate, contributed substantially to this process.

The main instrument of this consolidation was the yeshivah. Though usually translated "academy," the yeshivah then was actually more than a center of learning...

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This section contains 6,639 words
(approx. 23 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Judaism Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Judaism from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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