Jerusalem - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 24 pages of information about Jerusalem.
This section contains 3,311 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Jerusalem Encyclopedia Article

Israelizing Jerusalem

Jerusalem was an important and, most likely, sacred place long before the Bible takes note of it. Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century BCE Execration texts mention Jerusalem, as do the late Bronze Age El-Amarna letters. But Jerusalem was not an Israelite city in those days; rather it was an Amorite and then Jebusite city. Genesis chapter 14 probably refers to Jerusalem (yerushalayim or yerushalem) when it places Abraham in or within the vicinity of a place named Shalem. Abraham encounters there a priest-king named Malki-Tzedek (meaning "king of righteousness") who is both the king of Shalem (melekh shalem) and priest of Great El (kohen leʾel ʾelyon).

Some eight centuries later, at the end of the eleventh century according to the biblical account, David conquered the Jebusite city known as yevus (1 Chr. 11:4–8; cf. 2 Sm. 4–9), and Jerusalem became the political...

(read more)

This section contains 3,311 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Jerusalem Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Religion
Jerusalem from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook