Japan - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 22 pages of information about Japan.
This section contains 6,393 words
(approx. 22 pages at 300 words per page)
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Japan

POPULATION 126,974,628
SHINTOIST AND/OR BUDDHIST 90 percent
"NEW RELIGIONS" c. 10 percent
CHRISTIANITY c. 1 percent

Japan

Country Overview

The postwar Japanese constitution guarantees freedom of religion to all citizens and requires the separation of religion and the state. Nevertheless, aspects of State Shinto, the national cult established by the Meiji government in the 1860s, survive in Japan and remain a source of political controversy. Most notably, visits by postwar prime ministers and other government officials to Tokyo's Yasukuni Shrine (dedicated to honoring the spirits of the deceased in Japan's wars, including spirits of convicted war criminals) have provoked angry responses domestically and internationally. Some Buddhist "new religions" have also been active politically. In the late twentieth century Soka Gakkai had its own political party for years before controversy caused the leadership to sever formal relations with the party.

Major Religions

Shinto

History

The term "Shinto" (which can also be...

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This section contains 6,393 words
(approx. 22 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Japan Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religious Practices
Japan from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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