Islamic Philosophy - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 17 pages of information about Islamic Philosophy.
This section contains 5,000 words
(approx. 17 pages at 300 words per page)
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Islamic Philosophy

In Islam the development of philosophical thought, properly speaking, succeeded earlier schools of dialectical theology (kalām) that began to arise in the eighth century (second century AH in the Islamic calendar) through the action of foreign ideas—particularly Greco-Christian—on certain fundamental moral issues raised within the Islamic community. These moral issues clustered particularly around the problems of the freedom of the human will, God's omnipotence and justice, and God's relationship to the world. Although these early schools do not properly belong within the scope of this article, since they are theological rather than philosophical, a very brief characterization of the main groups and their tenets will serve to elucidate the content of the philosophical movement itself. Broadly speaking, there were two theological schools. The so-called rationalist, or Muʿtazila, school maintained the freedom of the will; insisted that right...

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This section contains 5,000 words
(approx. 17 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Islamic Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Islamic Philosophy from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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