Inhalants - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Inhalants.
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Alkanes

Alkanes are hydrocarbons of the general formula CnH2n+2;. The potency of this family of straight-chain chemicals increases with the number of carbons. The smaller molecules (methane, ethane, butane, propane) are gases at room temperature; their deliberate inhalation produces cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death. Pentane, hexane, and longer alkanes are liquids that become progressively less volatile. Hexane produces a devastating neurotoxicity. Alkanes are paraffins; cycloparaffins are rings without alternating double bonds; and alkylcycloparaffins have a short substituent on the ring. Alkylcycloparaffins such as methylcyclopentane and methylcyclohexane (hexahydrotoluene) are convulsants.

Amylnitrite

Amyl nitrite is a volatile, oily liquid with a sweet, banana-like odor. It is sold by prescription in glass ampules for the treatment of angina pectoris, chest pain caused by the narrowing of vessels in the heart. When the glass ampules are broken, they "pop"; hence they are sometimes called "poppers." Amyl nitrite relaxes the vessels...

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This section contains 3,441 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Inhalants Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior
Inhalants from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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