Iceland - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about Iceland.
This section contains 2,369 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
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Country Overview

While guaranteeing religious freedom, the Icelandic constitution of 1874 defines the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland as the national church, legitimized by its historical role as the guardian of culture and its maintenance of religious services throughout the country. The constitution aimed at providing greater separation of church and state, which some Icelanders are still struggling to bring into being. Although only 25 religious organizations are now registered by the statistical bureau, the country has up to 200 religious movements and groups, most of them small.

Major Religion

History

In 1551 King Christian III of Denmark forcibly replaced the Roman Catholic Church in Iceland with Lutheranism, abolishing the monasteries and appropriating a considerable portion of church land. The publication in Icelandic of the New Testament (1541) and the Bible (1584) are milestones in Iceland's Lutheran history. The Icelandic parish clergy were in the fore-front of the national independence and social movement...

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This section contains 2,369 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Iceland Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religious Practices
Iceland from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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