Iceland - Research Article from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 38 pages of information about Iceland.
This section contains 11,180 words
(approx. 38 pages at 300 words per page)
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Location, Size, and Extent

Iceland, the westernmost country of Europe, is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, just below the Arctic Circle and a little more than 322 km (200 mi) E of Greenland, 1,038 km (645 mi) W of Norway, and 837 km (520 mi) NW of Scotland. It has an area of 103,000 sq km (39,769 sq mi), extending 490 km (304 mi) E–W and 312 km (194 mi) N–S. Comparatively, the area occupied by Iceland is slightly smaller than the state of Kentucky. The total length of coastline is about 4,988 km (3,099 mi). The republic includes many smaller islands, of which the chief are the Westman Islands (Vestmannaeyjar) off the southern coast.

Iceland's capital city, Reykjavík, is located on the country's southwest coast.

Topography

Iceland consists mainly of a central volcanic plateau, with elevations from about 700 to 800 m (2,297–2,625 ft), ringed by mountains, the highest of which is Hvannadalshnú...

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This section contains 11,180 words
(approx. 38 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Iceland Encyclopedia Article
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Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations
Iceland from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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