History of Humans in Space - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences

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Early Space Exploration

Building a vehicle to carry people into space is not something one can do in one's garage. The resources of a nation are required. The Soviet Union's very large booster rockets were the first with that capability. The Soviet Union and the United States were adversaries during the Cold War. One way for each to show off its power was to outdo the other in space achievements, which became known as the "space race." In October 1957 the Soviets launched Sputnik 1, an 83.5-kilogram (184-pound) satellite, into orbit; the following month they launched a second one weighing 500 kilograms (1,100 pounds). This capability surprised and startled the world.

Mae Jemison working in the Spacelab-J module on the space shuttle Endeavour. This mission was a collaboration between the National Space Agency of Japan and NASA. Members of the crew included the first Japanese astronaut to fly aboard a shuttle, the first African-American woman to fly in space, and the first married couple to fly on the same space mission. Mae Jemison working in the Spacelab-J module on the space shuttle Endeavour. This mission was a collaboration between the National Space Agency of Japan and NASA. Members of the crew included the first Japanese astronaut to fly aboard...

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This section contains 2,428 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the History of Humans in Space Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences
History of Humans in Space from Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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