Helium - Research Article from Chemical Elements

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about Helium.
This section contains 2,370 words
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Symbol

He

Atomic Number

2

Atomic Mass

4.002602

Family

Group 18 (Viiia) Noble Gas Pronunciation

HEE-lee-um

Overview

Helium is a member of the noble gas family. The noble gases are the elements in Group 18 (VIIIA) of the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how the elements are related to one another. The noble gases are also called the inert gases. Inert means that an element is not very active. It will not combine with other elements or compounds. In fact, no compounds of helium have ever been made.

Helium is the second most abundant element in the universe. Only hydrogen occurs more often than helium. Helium is also the second simplest of the chemical elements. Its atoms consist of two protons, two neutrons, and two electrons. Only the hydrogen atom is simpler than a helium atom. The hydrogen atom has one proton, one electron, and no neutrons.

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This section contains 2,370 words
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Chemical Elements
Helium from Chemical Elements. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.