Government - Research Article from Pollution A to Z

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Democracy and Representation

The U.S. system of government is a representative system rather than a pure democracy. In a pure democracy, citizens decide together what actions the government should take. The New England town meeting reflects this concept most closely. Generally, the U.S. representative system, also called "republican" (after the Roman form of government), functions by agents: Relatively few citizens elected periodically by the populace at large make decisions about what the government should act on.

Politicians campaign or make decisions based on a mix of their political party's position and their constituents' needs and viewpoints. If constituents view an issue as important, they are likely to make their preferences known to their representatives. These active attentives are aware of issues and communicate their preferences, thus demanding that elected officials act as delegates. If an issue does not affect constituents directly, they are likely to remain quiet...

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This section contains 2,604 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
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Pollution A to Z
Government from Pollution A to Z. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.