Goethe, Johann Wolfgang Von (1749-1832) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 10┬ápages of information about Goethe, Johann Wolfgang Von (1749–1832).
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Philosophy

Spinoza and Goethe

The influence of Benedict Spinoza on Goethe's overall Weltanschauung was considerable, although the importance of Kant, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, and Friedrich Schelling is also evident. Goethe first became slightly acquainted with Spinoza's philosophy while in Strasbourg, but it was in 1774 that his acquaintance with Friedrich Jacobi (who regarded Spinoza's views as the only rational philosophy) drew his full attention to Spinoza. Goethe's commitment to pantheism is often cited to show his agreement with Spinoza. Yet when Goethe himself spoke of his relation to Spinoza, he emphasized the ethical as much as the metaphysical doctrines of Spinoza and Spinoza's "all-harmonizing peace," which contrasted with his own restlessness. Spinoza's rejection of final causes and his defense of determinism and of the view that praise, condemnation, and regret are attitudes reflecting an inadequate understanding of inexorable natural processes were accepted by Goethe and given...

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This section contains 2,741 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Goethe, Johann Wolfgang Von (1749-1832) Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang Von (1749-1832) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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