Genocide - Research Article from Governments of the World

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The Holocaust

The ascension of Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) to power in 1933 as the head of the National Socialist Party in Germany laid the foundation for the Holocaust and the death of over 11 million people. Nazi ideology, based on a belief in racial purity, declared the Aryan race to be the supreme race in the world. Skillfully using propaganda to demonize Jews as the cause of Germany's post-World War I (1914–1918) social and economic ills, the Nazis imposed laws and policies discriminating against Jews and, with adoption of the Nuremberg Laws in 1935, Jews were denied all rights of citizenship.

Initially the Nazis attempted to drive the Jewish population from Germany through pogroms, the destruction of Jewish communities, forced relocation to ghettos and labor camps, and forced emigration. Subsequently, Nazi leadership devised a "Final Solution" for the Jewish question, the use of liquidation squads and concentration camps as centers for mass...

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This section contains 2,057 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Genocide Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Genocide from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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