Genetic Engineering - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Genetic Engineering.
This section contains 2,014 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
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The Process of Genetically Engineering Plants

In order to achieve genetic engineering of plants, a series of tools and technologies are necessary. The ability to identify, isolate, and replicate specific genes is required. This series of steps is referred to as gene (or DNA) cloning. (A complete description of cloning is beyond the scope of this entry, but may be found in most biology textbooks.) A method to insert the cloned gene(s) into the genome of the crop plant is required, as is a method for identifying those cells that have incorporated the gene. The ability to regenerate entire plants from transgenic cells is essential, as is a means of verifying the presence of the transgene in the GMO.

Once a target gene has been cloned it is typically introduced into the genome of a crop plant by one of two means: Agrobacterium -mediated transformation or particle...

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This section contains 2,014 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Genetic Engineering Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences
Genetic Engineering from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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