Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642) - Research Article from World of Earth Science

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Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642)

Italian mathematician and astronomer

Galileo Galilei is credited with establishing the modern experimental method. Before Galileo, knowledge of the physical world that was advanced by scientists and thinkers was for the most part a matter of hypothesis and conjecture. In contrast, Galileo introduced the practice of proving or disproving a scientific theory by conducting tests and observing the results. His desire to increase the precision of his observations led him to develop a number of inventions and discovery, particularly in the fields of physics and astronomy.

The son of Vincenzo Galilei (c.1520–1591), an eminent composer and music theorist, Galileo was born in Pisa. He received his early education at a monastery near Florence, and in 1581, entered the University of Pisa to study medicine. While a student he observed a hanging lamp that was swinging back and forth, and noted that the amount of...

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This section contains 1,435 words
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Buy the Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642) Encyclopedia Article
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Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642) from World of Earth Science. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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