Exons and Introns - Research Article from World of Genetics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 2 pages of information about Exons and Introns.
This section contains 517 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Exons and Introns Encyclopedia Article

Exons and Introns

Exons and introns refer to specific nucleotide base sequences in the genetic code that are involved in producing proteins. Exons are the DNA bases that are transcribed into mRNA and eventually code for amino acids in the proteins. Introns are DNA bases, which are found between exons, but are not transcribed. Genes which contain introns are known as interrupted genes.

The discovery of introns and exons occurred independently in 1977 by American molecular biologists Richard Roberts and Phillip Sharp. Prior to this time, it was thought that eukaryote genes were strange because they contained more DNA than was transcribed into RNA. The two scientists ran experiments which attempted to identify DNA from the resulting mRNA. It was assumed that the mRNA would have the same base sequence as the DNA from which it was transcribed. This, however, was not the case. Roberts and Sharp found...

(read more)

This section contains 517 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Exons and Introns Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Gale
Exons and Introns from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook