Ethics, History Of - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Linda Pastan
This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 122 pages of information about Ethics, History Of.
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Greek Ethics

Socrates

Socrates stood midway between the unexamined, traditional values of the aristocracy and the skeptical practicality of the commercial class. Like the Sophists, he demanded reasons for rules of conduct, rejecting the self-justifying claim of tradition, and for this reason he was denounced as a Sophist by conservative writers like Aristophanes. But unlike the Sophists, he believed that by the use of reason man could arrive at a set of ethical principles that would reconcile self-interest with the common good and would apply to all men at all times.

The central questions of ethical philosophy were raised for the first time by Socrates and the Sophists, but only Socrates realized the difficulty, bordering on impossibility, of finding adequate answers. In this respect, Socrates may be regarded as the first philosopher, in the strictest sense of the term. While the Sophists, after exposing the impracticality of...

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This section contains 36,427 words
(approx. 122 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Ethics, History Of Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Ethics, History Of from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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