Erikson's Theory - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 4 pages of information about Erikson's Theory.
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Infancy

Trust vs. mistrust. In infancy, the quality of basic trust—the sense that one's needs will be met, especially by the mother—must be established or the individual will learn to mistrust the world. The sense of trust is rooted in the quality of an infant's care and the relationship with the primary caregivers.

Toddlerhood

Autonomy vs. shame and doubt. The central task of toddlers is the acquisition of autonomy, manifested by making choices and learning self-control. Confidence in being able to do things for oneself must surmount feelings of shame and doubt brought on by the difficulty of adapting to society's rules and restrictions, including requirements for self-control such as toilet training.

Preschoolers

Initiative vs. guilt. Between the third and fifth year, the child actively begins to explore her environment and initiate activities on her own. This is the stage at which...

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This section contains 1,086 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Erikson's Theory Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence
Erikson's Theory from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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