Empedocles (5th Century Bce–After 444 Bce) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Empedocles(5th Century Bce–After 444 Bce)

Empedocles, the Greek poet, prophet, and natural philosopher, was the originator of the doctrine of four elements that dominated Western cosmology and medical thought down to the Renaissance. Empedocles was born in Acragas (Agrigento), Sicily, in the early fifth century BCE and died sometime after 444 BCE. He played a political role in his native city, apparently as a democratic leader, was later exiled, and traveled through other Greek colonies in southern Italy. In one of his poems he describes himself as a "deathless god, no longer a mortal," surrounded wherever he goes by admiring crowds asking for advice, for prophecy, and for a "healing word" to cure them from disease (Fr. 112). A number of anecdotes illustrate his reputation for supernatural powers (including the raising of the dead), and the legend that he died by throwing himself...

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This section contains 2,728 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Empedocles (5th Century Bce–After 444 Bce) Encyclopedia Article
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Empedocles (5th Century Bce–After 444 Bce) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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