Ecology - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Animal Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Ecology.
This section contains 1,837 words
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Background

The origins of ecology lie in the natural history studies of the Greeks, particularly the philosopher and scientist Theophrastus (c. 372-d. 287 B. C. E. ), a contemporary and friend of the philosopher Aristotle. Theophrastus first described the interrelationships among organisms and between organisms and their nonliving environment.

In the early twentieth century, botanists in Europe and America began to study communities of plants that seemed to depend on each other. The Europeans looked at the composition, structure, and distribution of plant communities. The American botanists studied how plant communities changed over time. Animal ecology developed along separate lines until American zoologists began to study the interrelation of plant and animal communities as a whole.

Some of modern ecology's essential issues, such as environmental pollution and overpopulation, are cause for global concern. Some of modern ecology's essential issues, such as environmental pollution and overpopulation, are cause for global concern.

Around the same time, biologists began to study the interaction of predators and prey, competition among species, and...

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This section contains 1,837 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Ecology Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Macmillan Science Library: Animal Sciences
Ecology from Macmillan Science Library: Animal Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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