Drug Types - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 17 pages of information about Drug Types.
This section contains 4,837 words
(approx. 17 pages at 300 words per page)
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Ethanol

Although alcohol (ethyl alcohol, called ethanol) has been in use since prehistory and worldwide throughout recorded history, it is generally accepted that its therapeutic value is extremely limited and that chronic ALCOHOLISM is a major social and medical problem. Perhaps 65 percent of all adults in the United States use alcohol occasionally. Hundreds of thousands of individuals suffer and die each year, however, from complications associated with chronic alcoholism—and tens of thousands of innocent individuals are injured or killed each year in alcohol-related traffic ACCIDENTS. Therefore, alcoholism is a far-reaching problem, affecting the lives of individuals who consume ethanol as well as those who do not. Although alcohol is considered by many people to be a stimulant drug because it typically releases an individual's latent behavioral inhibitions (i.e., through disinhibition), alcohol actually produces a powerful primary and continuous depression of the central nervous system similar...

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This section contains 4,837 words
(approx. 17 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Drug Types Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior
Drug Types from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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