Dna Structure - Research Article from World of Genetics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 3 pages of information about Dna Structure.
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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) consists of two twisted polymeric strands, made up of mononucleotide units. Each nucleotide is composed of three separate parts: a 2-deoxyribose sugar ("2-deoxy-" because the hydroxyl or -OH group of the ribose sugar is missing from the second carbon position on the sugar ring), a phosphate, and one of the four bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), thymine (T). The deoxyribose sugar and phosphate are linked by phosphodiester bridges in such a way as to form an unbranched polynucleotide chain. According to the Watson Crick model, the DNA molecule consists of two such polynucleotide chains which are complementary but not identical and which spiral around an imaginary common axis. The two strands are antiparallel, meaning that the phosphodiester links between the deoxyribose units read in opposite directions designated 5' to 3' on one chain and 3' to 5' on the other. The...

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This section contains 750 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Dna Structure Encyclopedia Article
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Dna Structure from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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