Declaration of Independence - Research Article from Americans at War

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The Declaration on Taking Up Arms

When the colonists began their revolt against Great Britain, they did not initially seek independence. However, they had to justify their armed resistance against the British. To this end, the Second Continental Congress issued the Declaration on Taking up Arms, which it approved on July 6, 1775. Thomas Jefferson originally composed this document, although John Dickinson extensively revised it. The Declaration on Taking up Arms listed the colonists' grievances, most of which later appeared in the Declaration of Independence. According to the document, the British actions had led colonists to choose between "an unconditional submission to the Tyranny of irritated Ministers, or Resistance by Force." The colonists chose resistance. However, they indicated that they were willing to lay down their arms if the British addressed the grievances.

Creation of the Declaration of Independence

As the war progressed, more and more colonists began to...

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This section contains 1,628 words
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Buy the Declaration of Independence Encyclopedia Article
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Americans at War
Declaration of Independence from Americans at War. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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