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Research Article: De Martino, Ernesto

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about De Martino, Ernesto.
This section contains 2,285 words
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De Martino, Ernesto

DE MARTINO, ERNESTO. An ethnologist and historian of religions, Ernesto de Martino (1908–1965) was born on December 1, 1908, in Naples, Italy, where he studied under Adolfo Omodeo, graduating with a degree in philosophy in 1932. His degree thesis, subsequently published, dealt with the historical and philological problem of the Eleusinian Gephyrismi (ritual injuries addressed to the goddess) and provides an important methodological introduction to the concept of religion. Clearly influenced by reading Das Heilige by Rudolf Otto, de Martino preferred to emphasize the choleric nature of the believer, overturning the German scholar's thesis and making it capable of being applied to relations with gods in polytheistic religions and spirits in animist religions. Attracted by the ideological stance of the regime, for several years de Martino worked on an essay interpreting Fascism as a historically convenient form of civil religion. However, the attempt was insubstantial...

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This section contains 2,285 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our De Martino, Ernesto Encyclopedia Article
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