Cracking the Genetic Code - Research Article from Science and Its Times

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 6 pages of information about Cracking the Genetic Code.
This section contains 1,726 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Cracking the Genetic Code Encyclopedia Article

Cracking the Genetic Code

Overview

"Cracking" the genetic code was one of the most exciting discoveries of the twentieth century. Although philosophers and early scientists had long pondered the nature of inheritance, it was not until 1953 that James Watson (1928- ) and Francis Crick (1916- ) announced that they had determined that the code for life resides in the molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). This announcement began a frenzy of investigation that still continues today. One of the hottest topics in science at the end of the twentieth century is molecular biology.

Many scientists have added to the knowledge of the genetic code. In 1955 Mahlon B. Hoagland (1921- ) isolated transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) while Robert Holley (1922-1993) described the complete structure of tRNA in 1965. In 1956 George Palade (1912- ), working with the small structures (organelles) within the cytoplasm of the cell, discovered ribosomes, the protein factories...

(read more)

This section contains 1,726 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Cracking the Genetic Code Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Gale
Cracking the Genetic Code from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook