Contingency Approach to Management - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Management

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 4 pages of information about Contingency Approach to Management.
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Historical Overview

Classical management theorists such as Henri Fayol and Frederick Taylor identified and emphasized management principles that they believed would make companies more successful. However, the classicists came under fire in the 1950s and 1960s from management thinkers who believed that their approach was inflexible and did not consider environmental contingencies. Although the criticisms were largely invalid (both Fayol and Taylor, for example, recognized that situational factors were relevant), they spawned what has come to be called the contingency school of management. Research conducted in the 1960s and 1970s focused on situational factors that affected the appropriate structure of organizations and the appropriate leadership styles for different situations. Although the contingency perspective purports to apply to all aspects of management, and not just organizing and leading, there has been little development of contingency approaches outside organization theory and leadership theory. The following sections provide brief...

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This section contains 963 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Contingency Approach to Management Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Management
Contingency Approach to Management from Encyclopedia of Management. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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