Contingency Approach to Management - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Management

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Contingency Approach to Management

The contingency approach to management is based on the idea that there is no one best way to manage and that to be effective, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling must be tailored to the particular circumstances faced by an organization. Managers have always asked questions such as "What is the right thing to do? Should we have a mechanistic or an organic structure? A functional or divisional structure? Wide or narrow spans of management? Tall or flat organizational structures? Simple or complex control and coordination mechanisms? Should we be centralized or decentralized? Should we use task or people oriented leadership styles? What motivational approaches and incentive programs should we use?" The contingency approach to management (also called the situational approach) assumes that there is no universal answer to such questions because organizations, people, and situations vary and change over time. Thus, the...

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This section contains 963 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
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Contingency Approach to Management from Encyclopedia of Management. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.