Circle - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 16 pages of information about Circle.
This section contains 4,757 words
(approx. 16 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Circle Encyclopedia Article

Neolithic and Bronze Age

The megalithic passage tombs in eastern Ireland, at Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth (c. 3200 BCE), built by Neolithic farming communities, exhibit a ritualistic architecture. They are laid out in large circular shapes that have clear astronomical alignments, such as the winter solstice sunrise at Newgrange and the equinox sunrise at Loughcrew. According to ancient Roman sources, the Gauls associated the moon with death, and it may well be that the shape of the moon with this symbolic significance is replicated in circular megalithic tomb architecture. The same is true of the megalithic stone circle constructed somewhat later at Stonehenge in the vicinity of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England (constructed in three stages during the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, c. 1800–1400 BCE). Stonehenge IIIa (c. 1600 BCE) consists of a circle of thirty upright monoliths capped by a continuous ring of carefully dressed stone lintels. The solstitial alignment...

(read more)

This section contains 4,757 words
(approx. 16 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Circle Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Religion
Circle from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook