Chief Joseph - Research Article from U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11 pages of information about Chief Joseph.
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Two Traditions

Chief Joseph was born in a cave during the spring of 1840 in the Wallowa Valley of present-day Oregon. His father, Tuekakas (c. 1790–1871), had been baptized earlier that year by a Presbyterian missionary minister named Henry Spalding (1803–1874) and had taken the name Joseph. When his son was born, the father became known as Joseph the Elder and the son Young Joseph. His mother was named Khapkahponimi. Up until age seven, Young Joseph was schooled in Christian teachings by Spalding, who called him Ephraim.

Young Joseph was also raised in traditional Nez Perce customs and was given the name Hin-mah-too-yah-latkekht (Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain). Like other boys of the Nez Perce, he participated in a ritual at age nine through which he attained a "Wyakin," or guardian spirit. While growing up, Young Joseph followed the typical migratory pattern of the Nez Perce—spending winter...

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This section contains 3,083 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Chief Joseph Encyclopedia Article
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U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library
Chief Joseph from U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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