Causation in Indian Philosophy - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Vedas and Upanisads

The earliest Vedic answers to the question of cosmological evolution suggested a god or gods, variously named and described, as creating and ruling over the human world. Such views invoked probably the most obscure and difficult application of the concept of causation—that of creation—but had at least the merit of putting men and gods in a continuing relationship. Men could worship their gods, and indeed could wield a degree of control, through religious ceremonies that aimed to elicit benefits from them.

The Upanisads took a more subtle turn, concentrating on a deeper understanding of the nature of man himself. The "inner self," the atman, was distinguished from its physical embodiment and was taken to proceed through a series of rebirths according to a causal law of karma—whereby moral merit or demerit dictated the nature of the next...

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This section contains 3,010 words
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Causation in Indian Philosophy from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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