Carbon - Research Article from Chemical Elements

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11 pages of information about Carbon.
This section contains 3,031 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Carbon Encyclopedia Article

Symbol

C

Atomic Number

6

Atomic Mass

12.01115

Family

Group 14 (Iva) Carbon Pronunciation

CAR-bun

Overview

Carbon is an extraordinary element. It occurs in more different forms than any other element in the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to each other. More than ten million compounds of carbon are known. No other element, except for hydrogen, occurs in even a fraction of that number of compounds.

As an element, carbon occurs in a striking variety of forms. Coal, soot, and diamonds are all nearly pure forms of carbon. Carbon also occurs in a form, discovered only recently, known as fullerenes or buckyballs. Buckyball carbon holds the promise for opening a whole new field of chemistry (see accompanying sidebar).

Carbon occurs extensively in all living organisms as proteins, fats, carbohydrates (sugars and starches), and nucleic acids.

Carbon is such an important element...

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This section contains 3,031 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Carbon Encyclopedia Article
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Carbon from UXL. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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