Cameroon - Paul Biya - Research Article from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about Cameroon.
This section contains 2,137 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
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Political Background

The former German protectorate of Kamerun came under the administration of France and Britain in 1916. The French-controlled area (about 80% of today's Cameroon) gained its independence in 1960, with Ahmadou Ahidjo as its president. After a 1961 referendum, the British section was divided between Nigeria and the former French Cameroon. Federalism was replaced by a unitary state in 1972.

Since independence, Cameroon has had a highly centralized, autocratic political system with a strong executive, a judiciary under the control of the executive, and a National Assembly dominated by the ruling party. Until 1990, Cameroon had a single party, the Cameroon National Union (Union Nationale Camerounaise—UNC), later renamed the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM or Rassemblement Démocratique du Peuple Camerounaise—RDPC).

As democratization swept over Africa in the 1990s, the authoritarianism of President Paul Biya, in office since 1982, began to buckle. In 1990, multiple parties...

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This section contains 2,137 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Cameroon - Paul Biya Encyclopedia Article
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Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations
Cameroon - Paul Biya from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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