Buddhist Perspectives - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 16 pages of information about Buddhist Perspectives.
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Historical Background

Originally promulgated in what is now northern India by Siddhartha Gautama (likely 563–483 B.C.E.), who became known as the Buddha, or "Enlightened One," the teachings of Buddhism quickly spread across the subcontinent and, over the next half millennium, throughout central, eastern, and southeastern Asia. Its emphasis on the need for context-specific responses and resolutions tailored to each new linguistic and cultural environment resulted in a distinctive pattern of accommodation and advocacy through which Buddhism steadily diversified, resulting over time in a complex "ecology of enlightenment."

Traditionally, Buddhist teachings and practices have been classified into three broad evolutionary streams: the Hinayana ("Small Vehicle") stream, which is prevalent today in southeastern Asia and more commonly is called the Theravada, or "way of the elders"; the Mahayana ("Great Vehicle") stream, which is most prevalent in eastern Asia; and the Vajrayana ("Diamond Vehicle") stream, which is associated primarily...

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This section contains 4,505 words
(approx. 16 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Buddhist Perspectives Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Buddhist Perspectives from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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